Crime and Security Survey - Georgia, 2012
On May 29, a presentation of research results on Crime and Security in Georgia was held at the Tbilisi Marriot Hotel. Representatives of the civil society, scientific circles, government agencies, and diplomatic body, as well as the delegation of the European Union to Georgia attended the event.
EU ambassador Philip Dimitrov and Deputy Minister of Justice Tinatin Burjaliani opened the presentation. Methodology and results of survey on crime and security in Georgia were presented by Jan Van Dijk, Professor of Victimology and Human Security, Tilburg University, the Netherlands, who arrived in Georgia especially for this event.
Crime and Security Survey was conducted by the social survey center Gorby under the initiative of the Ministry of Justice of Georgia and with the financial support of the European Union. The research concerned covered crime, social security issues, public attitude towards the judiciary and penitentiary systems.
3001 respondents participated in the survey. The results showed that only 1.2 % of the respondents became the victims of crimes last year, which is even less than the last year's data, and 13 times lower number in comparison with the similar data in European states (15.8%); feeling of safety in the population has increased, and 98% of the respondents are not afraid of physical assault; 97% feel safe for their homes and family members; 94% could not name the district dangerous for walk; 85% of them think they feel safe at day-time and 82% feel safe at nights too. These data has showed 15% growth in comparison with previous year.
The safety of pupils at schools has been also improved - these data was 63% in 2012, 81% in 2011, and 92% in 2012.
Concerning the drug crime, the survey showed that 81% of respondents think that the drug addiction has been decreased in the country, but 79% of them still consider it as a problem.
59% of respondents believe that drug addicts need to be treated, and only 7% think that their imprisonment is a necessary measure. This tendency is proved also by the research on drug crime, which was conducted at the end of 2011 under the initiative of the Prosecutor's Office of Georgia. In consideration of its results, the new state policy on drug crime has been worked out, amendments were adopted to the corresponding laws; construction of the first rehabilitation center in Georgia has been started in Bazaleti where drug addicts can fight against drug addiction with the assistance of professional physicians, psychologists, and social workers.
Crime and Security surveys are conducted over the world, and presents statistical report of various countries together with the official data on crime. The survey defines victimization level in a country, population attitudes towards crime, punishment, and justice system, attitudes towards corruption and drug addiction, level of safety feeling among population, etc.